Obesity today is recognized as a health problem of epidemic proportions. Obesity refers to a spectrum of problems of excess weight ranging from mild overweight to the morbidly obese. Patients with morbid obesity do not respond to medical means of weight loss. Efforts to treat morbid obesity through controlled diets, behavior modification and exercise programs are only temporarily successful with the patient invariably regaining even more weight than the amount lost. Obesity surgery is the only method by which long-term weight loss can be achieved in these patients. Seven to nine percent (7-9%) people in India are overweight, of which 20 – 25% are morbidly obese which amounts to a staggering 2 – 2.5 million people. Incidence of child hood obesity is on the rise due to changing lifestyles. These people are more likely to develop obesity related complications at an earlier age.
If not addressed today this problem is likely to compound imposing heavily on medical resources.
Symptoms that indicate obesity in a person:
- Type II Diabetes
- High Blood pressure / heart disease
- Osteoarthritis of weight bearing joints
- Sleep apnea / respiratory problems
- Gastro esophageal reflux / Heartburn
- Infertility / menstrual irregularities
- Skin breakdown
- Swollen legs / skin ulcers
- Urinary stress incontinence
- Extremity Venous stasis
- Dyslipidemia (lipid metabolism abnormalities)
- Pulmonary embolus